Technology is the systematic application of knowledge to achieve goals. It includes technical skills, tools, processes, and raw materials that make life easier and better. In addition, technology can be defined as the state of knowledge within a particular field. For example, “state of the art” technology refers to the most advanced technological knowledge available to humanity.
Technology is often beneficial to the human race, but it can also lead to harmful outcomes. One major benefit of technology is its ability to automate tasks, resulting in increased productivity. For example, technology has made it possible for businesses to save time by using accounting software or temperature sensors in a bakery. These tools also enable students to share their results with the rest of the class.
However, the close relationship between technology and science can obscure important distinctions. While science has long held the dominant position in philosophical terms, technology often involves issues that science cannot. For example, a technologized solution must be purposeful and be rooted in scientific understanding of the world in which the technology will be used. Further, the close relationship between technology and science can lead to the implication that technology is simply applied science.
Technology began with the conversion of natural resources into tools that were useful to humans. The discovery of fire in prehistoric times increased food sources, whereas the wheel made travel easier and improved communication. The invention of the wheel in the Bronze Age paved the way for the development of greater complexity in machines. However, not all technology has been useful. Some forms of technology have resulted in increased destructive power, such as weapons of mass destruction.