News is any information of interest to a reader. It is usually presented in a story format, with an lede that provides the main information and sub-headings. It may also contain quotes from sources and a short summary or conclusion.
Traditionally, news is about events which affect the lives of people. This includes war, government, politics, business, education, health, the environment and entertainment. It can also include weather, natural disasters and climate change. In modern times, it can also be about celebrity, sport and fashion.
Bad news tends to make the most headlines. Stories about death, disasters, accidents, crimes and fires all have high news values. Stories about famous people also have high news values, especially if they are fall from power or embroiled in scandal. People are interested in the way other people live, so stories about celebrities, fashion and style, food, cooking, cinema, theatre and carving also make news. People are also concerned about their health and are interested in stories about traditional remedies, medical research, hospitals and clinics, diseases, diet, exercise and sex (although some societies do not talk about the latter openly).
News about money makes news, too, whether it is large sums of money made or lost, or about school fees, taxes, the budget, food prices or compensation claims. News about religion, art, philosophy and science is also of interest. So are stories that are unusual, quirky or amusing. News should be written briefly, clearly, attractively and accurately. It is important that all sources of information are credited, particularly if the reporter is quoting them. People should be identified by their full first name or both initials and, in captions, by their age.