Automobiles, vehicles that travel on roads, are an essential part of the modern world. They are used to transport people and their luggage around town or on long trips.
Cars are popular because they can go faster than walking or riding a bike. They can also carry more people and a lot of luggage, depending on the vehicle type.
The first automobile was built by Karl Benz in 1885. He patented the design and began selling it in 1888. He was a German engineer.
Inventors and engineers followed his lead, creating more vehicles for sale. Until about 1910, automobiles were custom-made and expensive.
When Henry Ford came along, he changed the way cars were made. He invented the assembly line, which helped him turn out cars more quickly and cheaper.
He paid his workers $5 a day so they would bring home more money and buy more cars. This made cars more affordable for middle-class families.
His production-line manufacturing techniques were adopted by other auto manufacturers. This helped the automobile industry achieve great success in the United States.
The American national automobile market became saturated in the 1920s. During this time, auto manufacturers needed to increase their unit sales by introducing new designs and technology.
This has led to many changes in the design of automobiles and their construction. For example, the car’s body, engine, drivetrain, safety systems and emission-control systems have all been developed and improved.